First, remember that Panini is essentially Donruss/Leaf/Playoff. This is the company that went bankrupt in 1998 and lost its baseball license in 2005.
Why did it lose its license? Let's just take a look at one set from 2004: Diamond Kings.
The base set is fairly attractive:
Speaking of parallels, the set has a parallel for every price level. The entire set comes with foil parallels in bronze, silver, and platinum; and framed bronze, silver, gold, platinum black, platinum grey, and platinum white.
If you want memorabilia parallels, there are 20 of those, and another 20 parallel versions of autographs.
There are five insert sets, each with an average of three additional memorabilia or autograph parallels, plus an additional memorabilia insert set with five variations.
Diamond Kings is a beautiful set, and the framed parallels look fantastic. But the 2004 Diamond Kings release has 106 sets, of which only seven are originals - the rest parallels. There are 80 different sets using the base design, with foil, memorabilia, autograph, and frame variations.
Diamond Kings isn't the only example from 2004:
- Absolute Memorabilia's Tools of the Trade insert has 32 variations
- Donruss Classics involves 73 sets
- Donruss World Series: 61 sets
- Studio: 61 sets
- Timeless Treasures: 88 sets
- Prime Cuts: 93 sets over two releases
- The Leaf release encompasses 147 sets; 88 of them are variations in the Exhibits insert set.
The intention here was to increase "value" by providing more lower-quantity cards, especially 1/1s. However, with dozens of 1/1 cards that are nearly identical, 1/1 loses its luster. The devaluation of low-numbered cards can be traced almost directly to Playoff's massive set offerings with dozens of low-numbered memorabilia and autograph sets. 2005 was even worse, but I'll discuss that in part five (and for some releases, that has some other reasons).
Looking at Panini's recent offerings, it seems that they're doing some of the same - their 2010 Plates and Patches issue has 61 sets, and 2011 Score has 40 sets - with seven parallels for each insert set. For comparison, Allen & Ginter has 43 sets, but no insert set has more than three parallel variations. A&G's base set has 7 non-plate parallels, all of which are in mini form with several unique variations (wood, silk, etc). As a type collector, I'd rather see the A&G format with minimal parallels than an issue with only seven unique designs and 99 parallels of those designs.
The other bad thing Panini must face: the 2009 MLBP lawsuit. The judgement (the meat starts on page four) states that Donruss can not issue cards of players in any form of airbrushed or obscured uniforms, or even MLB-trade catchers equipment. The suit names Ann Powell explicitly (see the top of page four), which makes me wonder if Panini will play the legal game stating that Ann Powell has no part in whatever Donruss may be today. If Panini follows the suit completely, we could be looking at cards similar to Goodwin Champions - it could even be implied that team colors are MLB's "uniform trade dress."
The argument of airbrushed (or even posed) photos is a different subject for another day, but it is a detriment to the card in a large percentage of collectors' minds.
Panini's Return to Baseball:
- Panini Swings the Bat
- Coolness on Cardboard
- The Good
- The Bad
- The Ugly
- BBA: My Own Set